Digital devices connected to large databases will allow us to capture information about the functioning of the human body in a non-invasive way, that is, imperceptible to patients. In addition, we will become “transparent” for diagnostic imaging methods, so that we will not only see the anatomy as we did so far with X-rays or ultrasound, but also obtain graphic representations of the molecular functioning of our organism.
All the data that is accumulated, which will represent from the smallest, like our genes (genomic data), to the largest, like our social behavior (socialomic data), will be processed with Artificial Intelligence techniques by supercomputers .
We can reconstruct an organism digitally, in order to simulate and emulate the disease and its treatment with new personalized drugs or minimally invasive surgical procedures.
This will help the decision making of patients and healthcare professionals. In addition, it will facilitate health policy. In this way, we can improve the health not only of the individual but also of society as a whole.
In summary, during this century a 5P Medicine will become a reality: predictive, preventive, participatory, personal and populational.
Julio Mayol: Professor of Surgery at the Complutense University. Medical Director of the San Carlos Clinical Hospital and the Innovation Unit of the San Carlos Health Research Institute (IdSSC). Member of the board of directors of the “British Journal of Surgery” and the editorial board of the “Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery” and “World Journal of Gastroenterology”.